Rising Star kindergarten teacher Katy Seibold is January’s All Means All-Star teacher.A Rising Star kindergarten teacher and a SM South paraprofessional are the latest honorees in the Shawnee Mission School’s “All Means All-Star” program, which recognizes teachers and support staff who demonstrate an exceptional commitment to their students.Director of Special Education Jackie Chatman (left) congratulates Patti King.Katy Seibold from Rising Star and Patti King from SM South received their honors at Monday’s board of education meeting.King started as a paraprofessional in the district in 2004 and is currently a job coach at the high school. Shawnee Mission Special Education Director Jackie Chatman said she excels at imparting marketable skills to special education students, and then helping those students transition to jobs in the area.“She’s not only teaching those students skills, but she then takes those students out into the community,” Chatman said.You can see the district’s video on King’s accomplishments here:Rising Star principal Kristie Darby said parents have come to cherish Seibold for her obvious passion for kids and her willingness to go above-and-beyond to build strong relationships.“Katy consistently comes to Rising Star with a positive, can-do attitude that she models for her students,” Darby said.Here’s the district’s video summarizing Seibold’s impact on her students:
The Supreme Court Committee on Standard Jury Instructions in Civil Cases proposes amendments to Standard Jury Instructions in Civil Cases 201.2 and 700. Interested parties have until April 1 to submit comments electronically to Judge James Manly Barton II, committee chair, at firstname.lastname@example.org, with a copy to the committee liaison Jodi Jennings at email@example.com. After reviewing all comments, the committee may submit its proposals to the Florida Supreme Court. 201.2 INTRODUCTION OF PARTICIPANTS AND THEIR ROLES Who are the people here and what do they do? Judge/Court: I am the Judge. You may hear people occasionally refer to me as “The Court.” That is the formal name for my role. My job is to maintain order and decide how to apply the rules of the law to the trial. I will also explain various rules to you that you will need to know in order to do your job as the jury. It is my job to remain neutral on the issues of this lawsuit. A ttorneys: The attorneys to whom I will introduce you have the job of representing their clients. That is, they speak for their client here at the trial. They have taken oaths as attorneys to do their best and to follow the rules for their profession. Plaintiff’s Counsel: The attorney on this side of the courtroom, (introduce by name), represents (client name) and is the person who filed the lawsuit here at the courthouse. [His] [Her] job is to present [his] [her] client’s side of things to you. [He] [She] and [his] [her] client will be referred to most of the time as “the plaintiff.” Defendant’s Counsel: The attorney on this side of the courtroom, (introduce by name) , represents (client name) , the one who has been sued. [His] [Her] job is to present [his] [her] client’s side of things to you. [He] [She] and [his] [her] client will usually be referred to here as “the defendant.” [ Defendant’s Counsel: The attorney on this side of the courtroom, (introduce by name) , represents (client name) , the one who has been sued. [His] [Her] job is to present [his] [her] client’s side of things to you. [He] [She] and [his] [her] client will usually be referred to here as “the defendant.” [His] [Her] client (defendant uninsured or underinsured motorist carrier) is (claimant’s name) motor vehicle insurance company and provided [him] [her] [uninsured] [underinsured] motorist coverage, which may be available to pay some or all of the damages that may be awarded.]* *Use the bracketed paragraph above when the case involves an uninsured or underinsured motorist carrier. Court Clerk: This person sitting in front of me, (name), is the court clerk. [He] [She] is here to assist me with some of the mechanics of the trial process, including the numbering and collection of the exhibits that are introduced in the course of the trial. Court Reporter: The person sitting at the stenographic machine, (name) , is the court reporter. [His] [Her] job is to keep an accurate legal record of everything we say and do during this trial. Bailiff: The person over there, (name), is the bailiff. [His] [Her] job is to maintain order and security in the courtroom. The bailiff is also my – 15 – representative to the jury. Anything you need or any problems that come up for you during the course of the trial should be brought to [him] [her]. However, the bailiff cannot answer any of your questions about the case. Only I can do that. Jury: Last, but not least, is the jury, which we will begin to select in a few moments from among all of you. The jury’s job will be to decide what the facts are and what the facts mean. Jurors should be as neutral as possible at this point and have no fixed opinion about the lawsuit. In order to have a fair and lawful trial, there are rules that all jurors must follow. A basic rule is that jurors must decide the case only on the evidence presented in the courtroom. You must not communicate with anyone, including friends and family members, about this case, the people and places involved, or your jury service. You must not disclose your thoughts about this case or ask for advice on how to decide this case. I want to stress that this rule means you must not use electronic devices or computers to communicate about this case, including tweeting, texting, blogging, e-mailing, posting information on a website or chat room, or any other means at all. Do not send or accept any messages to or from anyone about this case or your jury service. You must not do any research or look up words, names, [maps], or anything else that may have anything to do with this case. This includes reading newspapers, watching television or using a computer, cell phone, the Internet, any electronic device, or any other means at all, to get information related to this case or the people and places involved in this case. This applies whether you are in the courthouse, at home, or anywhere else. All of us are depending on you to follow these rules, so that there will be a fair and lawful resolution to this case. Unlike questions that you may be allowed to ask in court, which will be answered in court in the presence of the judge and the parties, if you investigate, research or make inquiries on your own outside of the courtroom, the trial judge has no way to assure they are proper and relevant to the case. The parties likewise have no opportunity to dispute the accuracy of what you find or to provide rebuttal evidence to it. That is contrary to our judicial system, which assures every party the right to ask questions about and rebut the evidence being considered against it and to present argument with respect to that evidence. Non-court inquiries and investigations unfairly and improperly prevent the parties from having that opportunity our judicial system promises. If you become aware of any violation of these instructions or any other instruction I give in this case, you must tell me by giving a note to the bailiff. NOTE S ON USE FOR 201.2 1. The portion of this instruction dealing with communication with others and outside research may need to be modified to include other specified means of communication or research as technology develops. 2. The introduction of the uninsured/underinsured motorist carrier is required because the plaintiffs are entitled to have the jury know that the joined carrier is the plaintiffs’ uninsured/underinsured carrier. Lamz v. Geico General Insurance Co. , 803 So.2d 593 (Fla. 2001); Medina v. Peralta , 724 So.2d 1188 (Fla. 1999). SECTION 700—CLOSING INSTRUCTIONS Members of the jury, you have now heard all the evidence, my instructions on the law that you must apply in reaching your verdict and the closing arguments of the attorneys. You will shortly retire to the jury room to decide this case. [Before you do so, I have a few last instructions for you.] During deliberations, jurors must communicate about the case only with one another and only when all jurors are present in the jury room. You will have in the jury room all of the evidence that was received during the trial. In reaching your decision, do not do any research on your own or as a group. Do not use dictionaries, the Internet, or any other reference materials. Do not investigate the case or conduct any experiments. Do not visit or view the scene of any event involved in this case or look at maps or pictures on the Internet. If you happen to pass by the scene, do not stop or investigate. All jurors must see or hear the same evidence at the same time. Do not read, listen to, or watch any news accounts of this trial. You are not to communicate with any person outside the jury about this case. Until you have reached a verdict, you must not talk about this case in person or through the telephone, writing, or electronic communication, such as a blog, twitter, e-mail, text message, or any other means. Do not contact anyone to assist you, such as a family accountant, doctor, or lawyer. These communications rules apply until I discharge you at the end of the case. If you become aware of any violation of these instructions or any other instruction I have given in this case, you must tell me by giving a note to the bailiff. Any notes you have taken during the trial may be taken to the jury room for use during your discussions. Your notes are simply an aid to your own memory, and neither your notes nor those of any other juror are binding or conclusive. Your notes are not a substitute for your own memory or that of other jurors. Instead, your verdict must result from the collective memory and judgment of all jurors based on the evidence and testimony presented during the trial. At the conclusion of the trial, the bailiff will collect all of your notes and immediately destroy them. No one will ever read your notes. In reaching your verdict, do not let bias, sympathy, prejudice, public opinion, or any other sentiment for or against any party to influence your decision. Your verdict must be based on the evidence that has been received and the law on which I have instructed you. Reaching a verdict is exclusively your job. I cannot participate in that decision in any way and you should not guess what I think your verdict should be from something I may have said or done. You should not think that I prefer one verdict over another. Therefore, in reaching your verdict, you should not consider anything that I have said or done, except for my specific instructions to you. Pay careful attention to all the instructions that I gave you, for that is the law that you must follow. You will have a copy of my instructions with you when you go to the jury room to deliberate. All the instructions are important, and you must consider all of them together. There are no other laws that apply to this case, and even if you do not agree with these laws, you must use them in reaching your decision in this case. After you have decided what the facts are, you may find that some instructions do not apply. In that case, follow the instructions that do apply and use them together with the facts to reach your verdict. When you go to the jury room, the first thing you should do is choose a presiding juror to act as a foreperson during your deliberations. The foreperson should see to it that your discussions are orderly and that everyone has a fair chance to be heard. It is your duty to talk with one another in the jury room and to consider the views of all the jurors. Each of you must decide the case for yourself, but only after you have considered the evidence with the other members of the jury. Feel free to change your mind if you are convinced that your position should be different. You should all try to agree. But do not give up your honest beliefs just because the others think differently. Keep an open mind so that you and your fellow jurors can easily share ideas about the case. [ I will give you a verdict form with questions you must answer. I have already instructed you on the law that you are to use in answering these questions. You must follow my instructions and the form carefully. You must consider each question separately. Please answer the questions in the order they appear. After you answer a question, the form tells you what to do next. I will now read the form to you: (read form of verdict) ][ You will be given (state number) forms of verdict, which I shall now read to you: (read form of verdict(s)) ][ If you find for (claimant(s)), your verdict will be in the following form: (read form of verdict) ][ If you find for (defendant(s)), your verdict will be in the following form: (read form of verdict) ] Your verdict[s] must be unanimous, that is, your verdict must be agreed to by each of you. When you have [agreed on your verdict[s]] [finished filling out the form[s]], your foreperson must write the date and sign it at the bottom and return the verdict[s] to the bailiff. If any of you need to communicate with me for any reason, write me a note and give it to the bailiff. In your note, do not disclose any vote or split or the reason for the communication. You may now retire to decide your verdict[s]. NOTES ON USE FOR 700 1. When final instructions are read to the jury before the attorney’s closing arguments, this instruction should not be given at that time. It should be given following closing arguments, just before the jury retires to deliberate. If, however, the entire instruction is given after final arguments, omit the bracketed sentence in the first paragraph.2. The portion of this instruction dealing with communication with others and outside research may need to be modified to include other specific means of communication or research as technology develops.3. Florida Rule of Judicial Administration 2.430(k) provides that at the conclusion of the trial, the court shall collect and immediately destroy all juror notes.4. Quotient verdict. The committee recommends that no instruction generally be given to admonish the jury against returning a “quotient verdict.”5. When it is impracticable to take all of the evidence into the jury room, this instruction should be modified accordingly. Proposed amendments to jury instructions in civil cases Proposed amendments to jury instructions in civil cases March 1, 2012 Regular News
Share on Facebook Email Pinterest Why do opponents of same-sex marriage really oppose it?A UCLA psychology study published online today in the journal Psychological Science concludes that many people believe gay men and women are more sexually promiscuous than heterosexuals, which they may fear could threaten their own marriages and their way of life.“Many people who oppose same-sex marriage are uncomfortable with casual sex and feel threatened by sexual promiscuity,” said David Pinsof, a UCLA graduate student of psychology and lead author of the study. Share Share on Twitter Such people often marry at a younger age, have more children and believe in traditional gender roles in which men are the breadwinners and women are housewives.“Sexual promiscuity may be threatening to these people because it provides more temptations for spouses to cheat on one another,” Pinsof said. “On the other hand, for people who are comfortable with women being more economically independent, marrying at a later age and having more sexual partners, sexual promiscuity is not as much of a threat because women do not depend on men for financial support.” The researchers measured people’s attitudes, regardless of their accuracy.People who feel their way of life is most threatened by sexual promiscuity tend to be socially conservative and strongly believe in traditional gender roles. Among them are women who prioritize family over career and who view their marital vows as sacred, said Martie Haselton, a UCLA professor of psychology and communication studies, and the study’s senior author.The researchers surveyed 523 men and 562 women, 27 percent of whom oppose same-sex marriage. In one part of the study, subjects took a test designed to reveal whether and to what extent they associate images of gay couples with words and phrases like “promiscuous” or “one-night stand.” On sensitive topics, people often tell researchers what they think they should say, rather than what they really believe. This first test enabled researchers to avoid this problem because participants can’t easily control or fake the results, Haselton said.Participants were shown a series of words associated with the adjective “promiscuous” — such as “casual sex” and “one-night stand” — as well as words associated with “monogamous” — such as “faithful” and “loving” — and images of either gay couples or heterosexual couples. They were instructed to match the words to either “promiscuous” or “monogamous,” while also categorizing the couples as gay or straight.Participants were instructed to press a button whenever they saw a photo of a gay couple or a word associated with “promiscuous,” and then to do the same whenever they saw a gay couple or a word associated with “monogamous.” The researchers measured how quickly participants responded in each scenario.“If you have a hard time disassociating ‘gay’ and ‘promiscuous,’ it will take you longer to respond when ‘gay’ and ‘monogamous’ are paired,” Haselton said.The test showed that many people tend to strongly associate the concepts “gay” and “promiscuous.”Next, researchers asked people the extent to which they agree or disagree with statements such as:Marriage is between a man and a woman.Same-sex marriage undermines the meaning of the traditional family.I oppose the legalization of same-sex marriage.I support a constitutional ban on same-sex marriage.Same-sex couples should have the same legal rights to get married as heterosexual couples.The researchers determined subjects’ level of “sexual conservatism” based on how much they agreed or disagreed with statements like “Sex without love is okay” and “I can easily imagine myself being comfortable and enjoying casual sex with different partners.” Those who agreed more strongly with those statements were likely to support same-sex marriage.“What people are willing to say about links between sexual promiscuity and sexual orientation and their reaction times tell a very similar story,” Haselton said.The challenge of the study was whether Pinsof’s statistical analysis could predict whether participants support or oppose same-sex marriage strongly, moderately or slightly, based on their response times and their answers to the series of statements.On a seven point-scale from “strongly oppose” to “strongly support” same-sex marriage, he was able to account for 42.3 percent of the variation in people’s attitudes, and able to accurately predict their attitudes about same-sex marriage substantially better than chance.“That is remarkable; in psychological research, explaining 42 percent is huge,” Haselton said.“Opposition to same-sex marriage may be strategic by people who are seeking to protect their marriages and the marriages in their communities, and are fearful that changing the definition of marriage is threatening to their way of life,” Pinsof said. “Because they view gay people as promiscuous, they view the idea of same-sex marriage as undermining the institution of marriage.” LinkedIn
Two preliminary retrospective studies in the United Kingdom, sub-Sahara Africa, and the United States suggest that some people who were never infected with the virus that causes COVID-19 have cross-reactive antibodies against it—perhaps from previous exposure to similar human coronaviruses.SARS-CoV-2 and the common coldThe first study, published late last week in Science, was the result of an accidental discovery by researchers at Francis Crick Institute and University College London while testing the performance of sensitive COVID-19 antibody tests by comparing the blood of COVID-19–infected donors with that of those who had not had the disease.They found that blood samples from some noninfected donors—particularly children—contained antibodies that could recognize both SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, and other common coronaviruses, such as those responsible for the common cold.To confirm their results, the researchers analyzed more than 300 blood samples collected from 2011 to 2018. While almost all samples had antibodies against coronaviruses that cause the common cold, 16 of 302 adults (5.3%) had antibodies that would recognize SARS-CoV-2—regardless of whether they had recently had a cold. Only 1 of an additional 13 adult blood donors (7.7%) recently infected with other coronaviruses had cross-reactive antibodies. Of samples from 50 pregnant women, 5 (10%) had such antibodies.In contrast, 21 of 48 children aged 1 to 16 (44%) had cross-reactive antibodies, with those aged 6 to 16 most likely to have them.Lead author Kevin Ng, a doctoral candidate at Francis Crick Institute, said in an institute press release that children may be more likely to have these antibodies because they are more often exposed to other coronaviruses. “These higher levels we observed in children could also help explain why they are less likely to become severely ill with COVID-19,” he said. “There is no evidence yet, however, that these antibodies prevent SARS-CoV-2 infection or spread.”The anti-coronavirus antibodies found in the blood of COVID-19–naïve donors were able to neutralize SARS-CoV-2 by targeting the S2 subunit of the virus’s surface spike protein. Senior author George Kassiotis, PhD, also of Francis Crick Institute, explained in the release that the S2 subunit, which allows the virus to enter human cells, is similar among both SARS-CoV-2 coronaviruses that cause the common cold.Targeting the S1 subunit, which enables SARS-CoV-2 to attach to cells, has been thought to be the only way to prevent infection. “But there is now good evidence that some antibodies to S2 can be just as effective,” Kassiotis said. “This is exciting, as understanding the basis for this activity could lead to vaccines that work against a range of coronaviruses, including the common cold strains, as well as SARS-CoV-2 and any future pandemic strains.”The authors said that the cross-reactive antibodies may be able to confer some degree of immunity and result in more mild disease in those infected. However, they cautioned against thinking that a recent common cold will protect against COVID-19, adding that evidence suggests that cross-protective immunity against human coronaviruses is unlikely to be enduring.They called for further studies to answer questions about whether the effect of immunity to one type of coronavirus is changed by exposure to another type, the difference between preexisting and new immunity, and why immunity decreases with advancing age. They are currently studying the role of antibodies and other immune reactions in protecting against COVID-19 and data on the severity of illness.Less reactivity among those infected with HIVIn the second study, published Nov 7 in the International Journal of Infectious Diseases, researchers at the University of Nebraska testing pre-pandemic blood samples from the United States, Tanzania, and Zambia identified antibodies against non–COVID-19 human coronaviruses that also reacted to SARS-CoV-2.Noting that the number of COVID-19 infections and deaths in sub-Sahara Africa has remained low compared with those in America, Europe, and Asia, the authors hypothesized that the disparity could be because the region has had higher levels of exposure to other coronaviruses before the pandemic, resulting in some degree of immunity against SARS-CoV-2.The researchers compared samples from 289 adults, including 105 from Tanzania collected from March to May 2019, 99 from Zambia from 2017 to early 2019, and 85 from Lincoln, Nebraska, from 2005, 2007, and 2009.Levels of antibodies with cross-reactivity against SARS-CoV-2 were six to eight times higher in the sub-Sahara samples than in the US samples, likely from previous exposure to two other coronaviruses. When cells expressing cross-reactivity against SARS-CoV-2 were stained with some blood samples collected before the pandemic, some showed signs of reactivity, suggesting that the antibodies cross-reactive against SARS-CoV-2 had been generated before the pandemic.In the Zambian samples, those from HIV-positive blood donors had less cross-reactivity against SARS-CoV-2 than those from HIV-negative donors, which the researchers said could be due to a weakened immune response in those with HIV. But they said that the finding needs to be confirmed in a larger sample of HIV-positive donors. None of the blood samples with cross-reactive antibodies from Tanzania or the United States were from HIV-positive donors.The authors called for future research with a larger sample and deep, long-term analysis of the nature and role of the cross-reactive antibodies. “The function of these SARS-CoV-2 cross-reactive antibodies and whether they provide any protection against SARS-CoV-2 infection or disease progression is still unclear and cannot be resolved with retrospective cross-sectional sampling,” they wrote.
Members from the USACE, Buffalo District, conducted an inspection of the construction activities associated with the Braddock Bay Ecosystem Restoration Project on January 29, 2016.Along with representatives from the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC) and State University of New York Brockport, the Buffalo District team met with the contractor, Wesson Group LLC of Johnstown, New York, to assess construction activities and to provide guidance and feedback.The scheme is located at the Braddock Bay Wildlife Management Area, Greece, New York. Through the use of Great Lakes Restoration Initiative (GLRI) funds, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA), requested USACE to develop a study that would evaluate the feasibility of various measures to implement aquatic ecosystem restoration at Braddock Bay.That feasibility study was the first step in the $7.9 million restoration project working to restore Braddock Bay, a 340-acre coastal wetland consisting of 180-acres of emergent marsh and 160-acres of submerged aquatic vegetation.The plan will restore the emergent marsh through 9.65 acres of channeling and potholing, which will benefit the environmentally sensitive black tern, 5.3 acres of invasive species treatment and will restore the historic barrier beach through a combination of hard and soft components.Wesson Group is currently undertaking the channeling, potholing and sidecasting portion of the restoration plan.This activity began on January 15, 2016, and is about 65 percent complete. This portion of the project is expected to be finished by March 15, 2016.[mappress mapid=”21941″]
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Last year SCS Holding sold its subsidiary SCS Logistics to an international logistics company.The rebranding decision was the result of the fact that SCS Logistics will maintain its name and office in Ootmarsum, the Netherlands.Explaining the decision behind the new name, the company said: “An Ox is a reliable and strong partner; exactly what we as OX Heavy stand for.”oxheavy.com
Fred. Olsen Windcarrier will mobilise one of its purpose-built jack-up installation vessels from Europe during the spring of 2020 to complete the project.The Yunlin offshore wind farm is located approximately 6 km off the southwest coast of Taiwan and will feature 80 SG 8.0-167 DD wind turbines, which have an output of 8 MW each.“This is a very exciting project as it is the first large transport and installation project in Asia for us. We are glad to have been picked by SGRE as a reliable partner for this new market,” said Martin Degen, commercial manager, Fred. Olsen Windcarrier.Russell Brice, head of marine operations, SGRE Offshore, added: “Taiwan is a strong developing market for SGRE, as such it is essential that we operate with partners who we are sure to bring the right team and the right assets for the job.”windcarrier.com
Share EntertainmentLocalNews Black Sigatoka affects carnival costume building by: – January 15, 2014 Sharing is caring! Tweet Share Share 46 Views no discussions Coordinator of the Black Sigatoka Disease Management Unit in Dominica, Carol AbrahamAs Dominica prepares for the staging of Real Mas 2014 celebrations, costumes and sensei builders have been cautioned that dried banana leaves should not be used in their designs.This is a precautionary measure against spreading black sigatoka disease which was confirmed here in May 2012. To date, the disease which affects plantain and banana crops has moved from the south of the island to Concord, Marigot, Wesley, Bense, Picard, Bath Estate, Castle Bruce, Carholm, Layou Valley, Belles and Warner among other areas. Coordinator of the Black Sigatoka Disease Management Unit in Dominica, Carol Abraham told the first of a series of press conferences leading up to Carnival at the Dominica Festival Committee’s office on Wednesday, January 15, 2014 that the use of dried banana leaves in constructing costumes will not be tolerated this year. According to Abraham, the disease has been confirmed in areas where there are usually major carnival activities like Grand Bay, Salisbury and Portsmouth.“In Salisbury heights the disease is up there so we do not want people to go up there get the dry fig to make the costumes and bring it in the lower section where the disease hasn’t really entered”.“Grand Bay is really infested, so we are encouraging people not to use the dried plantain and fig leaves to make sensei costumes,” Abraham added. She advised costume and sensei builders to “use anything else to make your sensei, your plastic, paper, cloth; just leave the dry leaves please”. According to Abraham, even if the leaf has gotten to the black stage or the dark brown stage, the fungus is still alive.“If you’re making the costume and you come from one part of the country down to the Opening Parade for instance, you find that the fungus is able to move”.Additionally, “we have all this rain right now so that is the ideal condition for the fungus to spread”.While Abraham acknowledged that “the wind and rain is nature so we cannot control that”, she said “man is a big culprit” of spreading the infected material.Dominica Vibes News
Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Like this:Like Loading… Related Aplikasi GrabShuttle Plus (www.straitstimes.com) Penyedia transportasi berbasis online, Grab, baru-baru ini memulai uji coba untuk layanan berbasis permintaan (on demand) di Punggol, Singapura setelah empat bulan Land Transport Authority (LTA) mengumumkan untuk mencari pelayanan bus seperti ini. Layanan baru ini diluncurkan Rabu 11 November 2017 kemarin yakni GrabShuttle Plus.Baca juga: Singapore Airlines dan Grab Integrasikan Layanan Ridesharing di Satu AplikasiKabarPenumpang.com merangkum dari straitstimes.com (8/11/2017), para pengguna yang melakukan pemesanan pada aplikasi di smartphone kini dapat mengharapkan sebuah bus antar jemput yang tiba sekitar lima sampai sepuluh menit sebelumnya dan bisa membawa mereka ke stasiun sekitar Punggol. Wahana GrabShuttle Plus ini tersedia antara pukul 06.00 pagi dan 22.00 dan tarif yang dikenakan S$1,20. GrabShuttle terbaru ini berbeda dari yang sebelumnya diluncurkan, ini adalah kolaborasi Government Technology Agency of Singapore, yang hanya beroperasi pada rute dan timing tetap.Kepala GrabShuttle Singapura, Mr James Ong, mencatat bahwa Grab mengambil bagian dalam tender untuk bus on demand LTA. Uji coba Punggol, nantinya akan membantu mengumpulkan wawasan untuk memberikan layanan yang superior jika dipilih.James mengatakan dengan adanya ini akan melengkapi jaringan transportasi umum yang lebih luas. “Kami memiliki kepercayaan yang sama dengan LTA bahwa layanan bus dinamis dapat memberikan pengalaman perjalanan yang lebih baik dan mengoptimalkan sumber daya dan biaya operasional,” tambahnya.James menggambarkan Punggol sebagai testbed alami untuk layanan baru ini yang mencatat bahwa penghuninya adalah pengguna Grab biasa. Tak hanya Punggol, kedepannya jika Grab terpilih, maka layanan baru ini akan mencakup wilayah lain juga.Saat ini Grab sedang fokus membuat lebih banyak orang menggunakan layanan ini sehingga bisa mempelajari pola perjalanan untuk layanan bus dinamis ini. Aplikasi GrabShuttle Plus terbaru ini akan tersedia di iOS dan Android dengan didukung oleh teknologi Kanada dari Startup RideCo yang menawarkan layanan serupa di Ontario, Kanada.Baca juga: Di Kanada Uber Jadi Transportasi Umum Dengan Trayek Khusus James mengatakan, Rideco menyediakan platform yang memungkinkan Grab untuk mempelajari perilaku pengguna dengan penyempurnaan teknologi minimal pada bagiannya. “Kami akan merambah secara global dengan mitra operator transportasi lokal, berkat skala Grab dan pengetahuan pasar lokal membuat solusi ini menjadi kombinasi yang sempurna,” kata pendiri RideCo, Prem Gururajan.Dia mengatakan bahwa RideCo ingin memperluas jangkauannya di Asia Tenggara, dan mengharapkan untuk meluncurkan lebih banyak layanan di wilayah ini dalam beberapa bulan mendatang. Sedangkan para pengamat mengatakan mereka tidak terkejut dengan layanan terbaru Grab.Bus on demand seperti layanan ride sharing GrabShare atau Uberpool on steroids, kata dosen senior Ilmu Pengetahuan Universitas Singapura Park Byung Joon, yang mengkhususkan diri pada transportasi perkotaan. Dr Lee Der Horng, seorang peneliti transportasi dengan National University of Singapore, mengatakan dengan pengalamannya dalam menawarkan layanan penyewaan, Grab memiliki lebih banyak pengalaman dalam menangani big data dan juga penanganan permintaan komuter.Azmi Mohamed, seorang penumpang mengatakan bahwa layanan bus on demand bukanlah pengganti yang menarik untuk layanan bus pengumpan, yang sudah sangat biasa dan murah, dengan tarif dibatasi 77 sen per perjalanan. Tetapi spesialis IT mencatat bahwa layanan bus on demand semacam itu bisa menjadi keuntungan saat bepergian di antara tempat-tempat yang berada di dekatnya, namun tidak dilayani oleh layanan bus konvensional.