Despite Consistent experience of high growth, India still goes with the lowest indicators of human development, which makes balanced and inclusive development look elusive.India ranked 131 on 2020 Human Development Index out of 189 countries released by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). India’s national development schemes like Beti Bachao Beti Padhao, Swachh Bharat, Make in India, and initiatives aimed at universalizing school education and health care might have accelerated marginal movements in the HDI driven by changes in health, education and income but that doesn’t posit any balanced and inclusive development which looks elusive for the following reasons:1) Issues of structural transformation for economic diversification.2) Pace and pattern of growth are not broad-based across sectors.3) Focus on income redistribution rather than productive employment.4) Firm is the subject of analysis, but not the individual.5) Lack of inclusiveness which refers to equality of opportunity apropos of access to markets, resources and fair regulatory environment for companies, trades and individuals.These issues have implications for what Shinzo Abe once said, “Human security recognizes the importance of individuals and that the key to ensuring growth in developing countries is to foster individual talent and abilities, build self-reliance, and put people in a position to make a broader contribution to society. Growth must be inclusive, and no one must be left behind.”There is a growing divergence in the relationship between poverty and hunger in India. The shrinking of social expenditure by the government is forcing the poor to spend more on non-food essential items squeezing their food-budget.Hunger and malnourishment are the most serious of all the problems associated with the poverty condition. Spending on social services in India doesn’t target deprivation since that requires huge social expenditure. Because of this people are being left behind across three key dimensions: health, education and standard of living (compulsory rental). They have to spend more on them to survive, which reduces their food spending, consequently, makes them enter into a vicious cycle of the poverty trap in which hunger is inherent.The unprofessional conduct of public expenditure management and fragmented budgets are obstacles to the achievement of poverty reduction objectives since they do not let the country strengthen its social infrastructure by investing in health and education even when it is emerging as a knowledge-based economy.National Food Security Act (NFSA) 2013 alone can’t lead to Sustainable Development Goal 2 – Zero Hunger, if that could be a possibility then India would not have been ranked at 94 among 107 countries on the Global Hunger Index 2020.
Buses in England have been awarded a further £254m of funding by the government to support a transition to pre-coronavirus COVID-19 service levels.A public announcement of the money – which replaces the COVID-19 Bus Services Support Grant (CBSSG) with immediate effect – came on Saturday 23 May. Stephen Fidler, Department for Transport (DfT) Director, Local Transport, wrote to operators that claim commercial BSOG ahead of that date, giving early details of the new funding.Further information will follow shortly. But Mr Fidler says that the money is to “support the increased levels of services that will be needed as and when the government implements the next stages of its coronavirus COVID-19 recovery strategy.”Mr Fidler adds that the industry should now take steps to expand operations as quickly as possible while working with the relevant local authorities (LAs). Those steps include removing affected staff from the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme (CJRS) “with immediate effect.”Buses must be added quickly as part of £254m funding packageWhile the new £254m funding scheme for buses supplants CBSSG, its terms and conditions will be much the same. However, there are some changes:Service levels will no longer be limited to 40-50% of scheduled commercial mileage. Instead, the government expects operators to increase provision as far as LAs require as quickly as possibleA one-off payment will be made available to cover the cost implications of removing staff from CJRS early. Operators will be required to submit evidence of those costs. The payment will be made as part of a wider reconciliation exercise in JuneOther costs that can be claimed include those for PPE such as hand sanitiser and cab screens; those involved with bringing buses out of SORN status; and those required to make buses fit for useOperators that did not receive CBSSG funding, but are eligible for BSOG, will be able to claim through the new scheme.BSOG will continue to be paid at pre-pandemic levels. Other payments that will be made on that basis include those for ENCTS reimbursement, home-to-school services that are not operating and local service contracts.No specific end date for the new scheme has been given. It will be subject to four-weekly reviews by DfT and the Treasury to examine its performance. Those reviews will also assess for how long it should continue to operate.The reconciliation exercise in June will cover the 12-week period from 17 March to 8 June. It will identify any overpayments or underpayments. Under those circumstances, DfT “will endeavour to equitably reconcile any difference… from within the available funding.”Social distancing advice remains inconsistentMr Fidler’s letter makes no reference to any condition for operators to enforce social distancing measures on buses. It does note that operators will be required to ensure that they are “not heavily loaded.”Guidance issued to operators by the government on 12 May noted that while maintaining a 2m distance is desirable, it is not a rule. The guidance adds that “there are situations where this may not be possible, for example… on busier services.” Mr Fidler’s letter advises recipients that the guidance should be followed.However, when conducting the daily coronavirus COVID-19 press conference on Saturday 23 May, Secretary of State for Transport Grant Shapps said: “Even a fully-restored service will only be capable of carrying – at best – one fifth of normal capacity, once social distancing is taken into account.”Mr Shapps’ message also contradicts earlier statements from at least two of the big groups. They have confirmed that passenger numbers will be capped at 25% of the bus’s seating capacity.DfT has invited operators with questions about the new scheme to contact it via email at [email protected] with the Scottish Government and Welsh Government around ongoing financial support for buses in those countries when movement restrictions begin to be lifted are ongoing.
“Cleveland is the only job I would consider,” he said while in the CBS booth Sunday, via Cantonrep.com.Arians previously coached for the Browns as the offensive coordinator (2001–03) under Butch Davis. It was a time when the Browns had a winning record, with the team going to the playoffs in 2002. Related News Arians spent 2013-17 with Cardinals, and after the 2017 season he announced his retirement.As for who he would hire on his Browns staff, Arians named his former mentor.“My guy would be Chuck Pagano,” Arians said. Bruce Arians revealed only one coaching job could bring him out of retirement.The former Cardinals coach said only being offered the Browns’ head coach position would make him get back on the sidelines. Since then, Cleveland has gone through quarterbacks and coaches at an alarming rate. According to Arians, the team needs an experienced coach.Arians does have experience. He was hired at the end of the 2003 season to work with the Steelers and was promoted to offensive coordinator in 2007. He held on to that position until 2011.He then went to work under Chuck Pagano with the Colts in 2012, where he had his first NFL head coaching stint as interim coach when Pagano was diagnosed with Leukemia early in the season.He led the Colts to a 9-3 record and earned 2012 AP Coach of the Year honors, making him the first interim head coach to win the award.When the Browns were looking for a new head coach in 2013, Arians wanted to be their guy. But Cleveland hired Rob Chudzinski instead. Is recently fired Hue Jackson the worst coach in NFL history? According to statistics …