Police often use broad exemption to keep videos from public

first_img(AP) – The video is brief but disturbing: An officer is seen hitting an unarmed suspect with his pistol as the man falls into the grass. An autopsy would later show that he died from a gunshot to the back of the head.After the death last July of 26-year-old Daniel Fuller in Devils Lake, North Dakota, investigators described the video to his grieving relatives. But for days, weeks and then months, they refused to release it to the family or the public. They did so only after a prosecutor announced in November that the officer did not intend to fire his gun and would not face criminal charges.“It took forever for them to release the video because they kept saying it was an ongoing investigation,” said Fuller’s older sister, Allyson Bartlett. “I don’t think they wanted pressure from the community.”Her experience is typical. An investigation by The Associated Press has found that police departments routinely withhold video taken by body-worn and dashboard-mounted cameras that show officer-involved shootings and other uses of force. They often do so by citing a broad exemption to state open-records laws – by claiming that releasing the video would undermine an ongoing investigation.During the last five years, taxpayers have spent hundreds of millions of dollars to outfit officers’ uniforms and vehicles with cameras and to store the footage they record as evidence. Body cameras, in particular, have been touted as a way to increase police transparency by allowing for a neutral view of whether an officer’s actions were justified. In reality, the videos can be withheld for months, years or even indefinitely, the AP review found.To be sure, some departments voluntarily release videos of high-profile incidents, sometimes within days or weeks. They also are forced to share them during civil rights lawsuits or air them when suspects face trial. Many also routinely release videos that show officers in a positive light, such as when they rescue people from accidents, fires and other dangers. But how requests are handled when they are requested by citizens, reporters and government watchdogs varies widely.The AP tested the public’s ability to access police video for Sunshine Week, an annual celebration of open government, by filing open records requests related to roughly 20 recent use-of-force incidents in a dozen states.They were met with a series of denials and failed to unearth video of a single incident that had not already been released publicly. Some videos could be released in coming months or years once criminal and disciplinary investigations are concluded. By then, the public interest in knowing what happened may have waned significantly.In rejecting or delaying the requests, most law enforcement agencies and prosecutors cited exemptions that allow them to keep records of pending investigations secret. One county claimed the exemption would allow it to keep the video of a motorist’s fatal shooting secret forever – even though the investigation has concluded and cleared the deputy involved.Critics say the exemption is often misapplied to keep from public view video that might shine an unfavorable light on the actions of officers. The exemption is intended to protect sensitive details about investigations that might tip off suspects that they are under scrutiny or alert them to what evidence police have obtained. But when officers shoot or otherwise use force on suspects, they know their actions are the focus of the investigation and often have access to the videos of the incidents.“It is for that reason that the investigative records exemption literally makes no sense and should have no place when it comes to police body camera footage. It is a square peg in a round hole,” said Chad Marlow, an expert on laws governing body cameras at the American Civil Liberties Union. “We didn’t know that would end up being the get-out-of-FOIA free card for police departments, but it has certainly turned into that.”Authorities say they have good reason for withholding video during investigations, such as preventing the memories of witnesses from being tainted or sparking protests with an out-of-context snippet of a deadly encounter. But the problem, said former federal prosecutor Val Van Brocklin, is that “there is no national standard of when and how this stuff gets released.”“It’s such a mish-mash, and that creates a problem with expectations,” she said.—In West Virginia, a prosecutor withheld a video that led to the firing of two state troopers for allegedly beating a 16-year-old suspect. In Georgia, a county sheriff’s office refused to release video of a 22-year-old man who allegedly shot himself to death while struggling with police, an explanation that has been questioned and sparked protests.In Atlanta, where officers were recently criticized in an audit for failing to use their body cameras as intended, the department would not release video of an officer-involved shooting that happened last summer, saying the officer could potentially still face disciplinary action.“I see it all over the nation that police departments use this catch-all of ‘ongoing investigation’ to basically throw up a stone wall in front of those that might like to find out the truth,” said attorney Jonny Hibbert, who is representing the family of an 18-year-old Atlanta man who was shot and killed by an off-duty officer after allegedly stealing his car. His request for any video of that incident was recently denied.The department in Sugar Land, Texas, which recently released dramatic video of officers rescuing a woman from a lake, refused to divulge footage of a 2016 struggle in which a man alleges he was beaten and severely injured by officers. In Seagoville, Texas, the department would not release video showing an officer using a stun gun to subdue a teenager brandishing a toy gun, even though it had publicized the incident as a textbook example of officers showing restraint. The department denied access because AP didn’t know the name of the teen involved in the Oct. 4 incident. It said that piece of information must be provided to request police videos under Texas law.In North Liberty, Iowa, a city lawyer responded to a request for video of a traffic stop by calling it a confidential investigative record – then demanded the AP not publish footage of the incident it had already obtained.The city had fired a patrol supervisor for mishandling the stop, claiming he violated the rights of suspects in a road rage incident, failed to draw his weapon and made other procedural errors. The supervisor has filed a lawsuit contesting his firing, and his attorney provided the AP with footage that he says shows his client acted appropriately. The city released a redacted version of the video only after AP declined the city’s request.In the aftermath of the 2014 shooting of Michael Brown in Ferguson, Missouri, and similar deaths of unarmed black men, police departments around the country faced public pressure to begin using body cameras. Rather than resist, said Marlow, the ACLU expert, they embraced cameras – but often only released videos that showed police in a positive light.“The decisions about whether footage is being released or not is being dominated by the group that is supposed to be watched,” he said. “When that happens, police body cameras go from being a tool for transparency and accountability into a propaganda tool.”It’s not that way everywhere.California’s state capital, Sacramento, has been roiled by protests over police shootings of unarmed black men – most recently, after the district attorney and state attorney general declined to bring charges against two officers in the fatal shooting of Stephon Clark, who was found to be holding a cellphone after he was killed. Police video of that shooting helped fuel the protests.The department is among the most transparent in releasing officer videos; city policy that predates the Clark shooting requires the police department to release footage within 30 days of a major incident or justify why it won’t. In some cases, the department has released footage within days.“We hope to say that we’re leading the way in releasing it and being transparent,” said a department spokesman, Marcus Basquez. “That’s a big priority for us, to build that trust with our community, and we feel releasing body-worn camera footage is one way.”A state law taking effect in July requires all state and local law enforcement agencies in California to make audio and video recordings of critical incidents publicly available after 45 days, unless it would hinder an investigation. If it withheld recordings longer than a year, a department would have to show “clear and convincing evidence” of that assertion.—Police videos are considered public records in nearly every state, but vague laws and exemptions often give police chiefs and prosecutors wide discretion to determine when to release them.A few states have limited the release of footage by exempting police videos from open records laws or requiring court orders to obtain their release. Others have carved out privacy exemptions for videos that show private homes, hospitals or juveniles.The New York City Police Department, the nation’s largest, stopped releasing body camera videos entirely last year after a police union successfully argued in court that they were confidential personnel records. But the department vowed last month to continue releasing video of officer-involved shootings after an appeals court ruled that the union’s argument “would defeat the purpose of the body-worn-camera program.”Adam Marshall, a lawyer for the Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press, in 2015 called police body camera videos the “Wild West of open records requests” because of the uncertainty surrounding how they would be handled. Today, he says a growing number of court cases and state laws have made for more certainty – that many requests will be denied or delayed.“It’s disappointing,” he said. “Unfortunately, it does not reflect the type of transparency and openness that the public hoped would result from body cameras.”last_img read more

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Smart Grid on the edge – Managing Data Everywhere but the Cloud

first_imgOur third post of this series will outline key characteristics to consider for edge-based data processing—addressing security and service level considerations, and addressing data management volume and extensibility of services.SecurityDirect contact between information systems and layers 0 and 1 of industrial networks must be managed very carefully—if allowed at all. This “control plane” (aforementioned layers 0 and 1), in most brownfield scenarios, has limited or no capability for authentication and arbitration of external commands from broadly connected IT/IP systems. Directly put, these systems were not designed for dynamic IT application service demands, and this creates myriad security concerns that are not easily addressed from a retrofit perspective.Given legitimate risks, executing control decisions at the edge will not be appropriate in many scenarios. Instead, gathering inputs and triggering calculated decisions based on high-fidelity, low-latency edge processing can be a practical first step toward advanced edge-based decision-making. Trace events, identified through local edge processing, can evaluate far higher–fidelity, real-time data streams and arrive at partial or whole decisions without latency and cost-inducing bulk data transfers to remote platforms. A summarized decision can then be efficiently forwarded to a centrally managed system that has appropriate resources for authentication and arbitration of control system inputs.Service LevelBringing analytical services closer to the source of machine data at the edge also brings new service level demands and functional requirements. Dynamic empirical data requests, broad enterprise access, and Internet-compatible IP-based access are part-and-parcel with digital IoT initiatives. These service requirements bring high CPU, memory, and storage demands to an industrial edge currently defined by low-power, rugged, and embedded systems. Inevitably, more resources will be demanded at the edge to feed concurrent, high-bandwidth analytic requests from a broad spectrum of stakeholders. This is not a service level that aligns with needs or design of typical industrial control systems. Modern edge-based information systems will need to arbitrate resulting service level conflicts.VolumeData processing features that reduce transfer volume represent a tide that lifts all boats at the edge. Reducing volume directly mitigates both cost and latency. Furthermore, analytical processing at the edge can preserve fidelity by processing against highly granular data prior to transfer. This provides the benefits of high-fidelity data analysis without the cost and impracticality associated with transferring and storing often-repetitive time-series machine data.Edge-based data volume management also directly implies the ability to handle large data volumes on the latest rugged, solid-state, fanless computers, alongside assets and well beyond a typical data center environment. Keeping highly granular—but often-repetitive—data with low immediate value at the edge saves cost beyond backhaul transfer rates. It alleviates the need to store low-value data on high-cost central IT or cloud data management platforms, but simultaneously preserves the information and maintains availability if events of interest mandate a closer look.ExtensibilityEdge data processing should intrinsically provide data services that deliver extensible, dynamic data access aligned with broader IT managed application development and services. The established “stream-forward” alternative to an edge-based “store-forward” data architecture provides an illustrative example regarding the concept of extensibility at the edge. Embedding data summarization within a telemetry stream (consider this “advanced stream-forward”) can enable limited but effective local summarization at higher fidelity. Specifically, an embedded algorithm could cache sensor reads every minute for 30 minutes and then calculate mean and variance for transmission in an embedded data- logging device.The downside is that this approach creates a rigid data model that does not easily accommodate change. For example, what happens when analytical requirements evolve? For an embedded system the answer is replacement, which can be quite costly and impractical in an industrial environment. If the algorithm resides as managed firmware on a local compute device, separate from the data stream, an OTA update is possible but still not entirely practical. There is an additional requirement that is often missed: Underlying the application-based model there must be a local data store that also does not take a prefixed view of data ingestion to complete the dynamic information system. Without the ability to change the data model, only relatively minor tweaks to embedded algorithms are feasible.In summary, we have defined the role of edge data management as a dynamic information-brokering service. This broker will arbitrate conflicts between security and service level disparities, between critical industrial control systems, and more open IT-centric analytics and application development. Backstopping this will be new technologies, built for industrial environments, that provide local store-forward data services with the ability to deliver any view of all data at the edge. These systems will necessarily support dynamic service levels and concurrent use, against the constant challenge of frequently changing application and analytical demands. Perhaps then we will see solutions catch up to the broad, and inspiring, promise of IoT—and the grid may lead the way.About the author: Eric Kraemer is the CTO and cofounder of Exara, Inc., with more than 15 years’ experience working with high-performance information systems and software development, both in the US and internationally.Exara is an Intel Partner that has developed the world’s first edge data services platform for the Industrial IoT. Exara software is designed for Intel®-based edge gateways that can be deployed in substations, electrical plants, and many other industrial environments. For more information, please visit Exara’s website.last_img read more

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Body-mounted cameras, utility belts: Noida police raise special unit to curb street crimes

first_imgGautam Buddh Nagar police have raised a special unit equipped with modern gadgets such as body-mounted cameras and utility belts tied to the uniforms of its members, who will move across the district on motorbikes in search of miscreants.The Noida Patrol Unit (NPU) has been raised to curb street crimes in the twin cities of Noida and Greater Noida, lying on the border of Uttar Pradesh, Delhi and Haryana. The cities have struggled to curb street crimes like snatching of mobile phones and jewellery.Under the first-of-its-kind initiative, the patrol unit has been given 60 motorbikes and a constable and a sub-inspector will be on each of these bikes.The NPU members have a full navy-blue uniform on which the body cameras are mounted and the motorcycles are fitted with GPS. They have special utility belts which will help them in holding firearms, baton and wireless communication system.The force will sport special black shoes and helmets bearing a logo of the NPU.Senior Superintendent of Police Vaibhav Krishna, who flagged off the NPU on Sunday, said these patrolling units have been formed as part of an experiment and they have been equipped with latest electronic gadgets to curb crime in the district.”The main objective of this NPU is to prevent crimes like snatching/robbery etc. It is a first-of-its-kind initiative in the state and is based on PPP model,” he said.”The button for the wireless set has been mounted on the chest area of the uniform and could be operated easily and swiftly,” he said.advertisementThe fibre-made baton will be used instead of traditional batons or wooden rods. These reflective batons have multiple colour lights which can be used even in the dark for various purposes,” he said.The constables and sub-inspectors included in the squad are undergoing tactical training on dealing with impromptu situations of law and order, public interaction.”They are being trained to identify suspicious elements, check them. At times, policemen get surrounded by mobs in public places, they are being trained to deal with such situations and also how to prevent crime, and raise awareness among public on checking crime,” the SSP said.The NPU personnel have been equipped with the uniform, special belt, GPS and camera systems under the public-private partnership, he said.last_img read more

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Jim Harbaugh Says There Is A “Prejudice” Against Football

first_imgHead coach Jim Harbaugh of the Michigan Wolverines reacts to a roughing the kicker call against his team during the first quarter against the Ohio State Buckeyes.ANN ARBOR, MI – NOVEMBER 28: Head coach Jim Harbaugh of the Michigan Wolverines reacts to a roughing the kicker call against his team during the first quarter against the Ohio State Buckeyes at Michigan Stadium on November 28, 2015 in Ann Arbor, Michigan. (Photo by Gregory Shamus/Getty Images)Jim Harbaugh has become the most-polarizing football coach in America. The Michigan head coach is, of course, beloved by his fan base (and enjoyed by those who cover the sport) but there’s certainly a big part of the population (including many of his colleagues) that dislikes him. Much of that dislike surely stems from his recruiting antics, whether it’s his use of satellite camps or his sleepovers at recruits’ homes. A great day for us and the kids of Baltimore! pic.twitter.com/5zE5eA4xZQ— Coach Harbaugh (@CoachJim4UM) June 6, 2016At a satellite camp in Baltimore today, Harbaugh was asked if he thinks there are inequities between football and other sports when it comes to the recruiting of young athletes. Harbaugh thinks there are, saying there is a “prejudice” against football. Rod Beard of The Detroit News has the full quote.   #Michigan Jim Harbaugh on inequities between football and other sports: pic.twitter.com/WuoG2jIydw— Rod Beard (@detnewsRodBeard) June 6, 2016A better question might be: is Harbaugh truly doing this for the betterment of student-athletes or the betterment of his football program? Or can it be both?last_img read more

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201516 NBA Preview The Lakers Have Fallen And Wont Get Up

We’re inaugurating our NBA player projection system, CARMELO, with 2015-16 season previews for every team in the league. Check out the teams we’ve already previewed here. Learn more about CARMELO here. An organization so often filled with endless Southern California sunshine is in the midst of its darkest era. The Los Angeles Lakers posted a franchise-worst 21-61 record last season and struck out on their top targets in free agency for the third straight summer. They need another star (Kevin Durant in 2016? Russell Westbrook in 2017?) to replace Kobe Bryant, who may or may not be gone soon. D’Angelo Russell, Julius Randle and Jordan Clarkson are promising, but — like all young players — need time to grow. For now, the Lakers are expected to miss the playoffs for the third consecutive season, the longest postseason drought in their history. FiveThirtyEight’s CARMELO projects them to go 27-55: “Swaggy P” spent the bulk of last season in Scott’s doghouse, and it’s not clear whether their partnership will be any different this time around. Nick Young is a fearless gunner — sometimes too fearless — but minutes will be hard to come by as the Lakers look to develop their young backcourt. That said, remember when dolphins tried to kill him and steal his girlfriend, Iggy Azalea? Classic. After Kobe Bryant’s three consecutive season-ending injuries, no one knows what to expect from the guard, now in his 20th (and quite possibly final) season in purple and gold. CARMELO pegs Bryant as the 236th best player in the league. But can he stay healthy? How many minutes will he play? How many games must he sit out to rest? Will he defer to the Lakers’ rising young stars? All question marks. The only certainty is that he’ll go out guns blazing, especially when the game is on the line. A broken leg in his season debut robbed Julius Randle of his rookie season. But throughout this preseason, he has looked like the Lakers’ best player. Bryant routinely calls him an “animal,” and Roy Hibbert called him “the future face of the NBA.” He’s got a ways to go, but the talent/physical package is there. Once the most dominant defensive center in the NBA, Roy Hibbert was dumped by the Pacers for next to nothing, and now he’s trying to revive his career in a contract season. No pressure. The Lakers don’t want him to worry about points — just about stopping opponents from scoring them at the rim. If he can show shades of his former self, then the Lakers landed a steal. CARMELO, however, is skeptical. The 19-year-old has superstar potential, that we know, especially after Lakers coach Byron Scott mentioned D’Angelo Russell in the same breath as Magic Johnson and after Bryant recently called Russell “one of the best playmakers in the game.” Russell will probably pile up some head-shaking turnovers in a quest for jaw-dropping highlight passes, but that’s OK. After all, it seemed like every team in the NBA had an elite point guard, and now it seems like the Lakers (potentially) have one too. And if they’re too good this season, they could lose their 2016 first-round draft pick, which is top-three protected, to the 76ers. No doubt, the winningest franchise in NBA history — and the league’s most glamorous team — is at its most crucial crossroads. The Lakers must tread carefully or else face an extended stay in the league’s cellar.Here’s what CARMELO projects for the Lakers’ key players: Read more:NBA player projections2015-16 NBA Previews Jordan Clarkson rose from unknown second-round pick to All-Rookie first team selection, but that all came when the Lakers were decimated with injuries and the season was already lost. If the high-flying combo guard can improve on last season, then the Lakers will know they’ve truly found a diamond in the rough. read more

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Its official West Ham confirm signing of Fabian Balbuena

first_imgThe Irons have confirmed the signing of Paraguay international Fabian Balbuena on a three-year deal.Balbuena who joined the Hammers from Corinthians will now boost a defence squad which has already been bolstered by the coming of Ryan Fredericks and Issa Diop this summer.“I’m really excited for this new challenge and my target is to meet the demands of the Premier League,” Balbuena told the club’s official website. “Obviously to be at West Ham is an extra motivation, and I want to do my best to help the team.”Meanwhile, West Ham’s director of football Mario Husillos added:“We welcome Fabian to West Ham United. He is somebody we have monitored for a long time and we are very pleased to have taken the opportunity to sign him.What we learned from day 2 of the Premier League? Taimoor Khan – August 20, 2019 The new Premier League season is only two weeks old but it has already taught us a few things that could define the campaign….“He is a player of great strength, character and personality. To be captain of Corinthians, one of the biggest clubs in South America, requires a very strong mentality, and he also has international experience with Paraguay.“He has won many individual honours and was often named one of the best central defenders in Brazil for his statistics. We believe he will improve our squad and our defensive qualities. He is the perfect age – a player for the present and the future – and he can be a very important player for many years at West Ham.”Balbuena departs Corinthians after he made over 100 appearances for the Brazilian outfit.last_img read more

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Mourinho Vs Pogba Rift widens as Mourinho dares Pogba to hand

first_imgWe had thought that by now, the feud between France international star Paul Pogba and Manchester United manager Jose Mourinho would have been doused by now, however, it appears like there is no end of the rift insight as they approach a breaking point.A fresh report from ESPN suggest Manchester United manager warned his captain about sharing grievances to the media. Also, the Sun claims that the “extraordinary” dispute between the two has fired up, so much so, that Mourinho sarcastically told Pogba that he should just come out and request a transfer if he really wants to leave United.Harry Maguire, Manchester UnitedSolskjaer praises Harry Maguire after Man United’s 1-0 win Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Ole Gunnar Solskjaer singled out Harry Maguire for praise after helping Manchester United keep a clean sheet in their 1-0 win over Leicester City.Mourinho was probably pissed off by the media report where Paul Pogba said he could be fined if he says what he truly thinks about playing under Mourinho.ESPN claims that the United boss has since sat his 25-year-old midfielder down at a “showdown” meeting and told him that “if he wishes to leave Manchester, again, all he has to do is ask. And Pogba replied that if he wants to speak to him formally again he will have to do so by going through his agent, Mino Raiola.last_img read more

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Gary Neville confident Citys victory against Liverpool is sign of Champion

first_imgFormer Manchester United defender Gary Neville claims City’s victory and the approach used in achieving the victory is a sign of champion quality.Neville says that Liverpool is no soft nut club to crack and adds that for the last 25 years, he has never seen such desperation and atmosphere where clubs battled for win.Neville said via Belfastelegraph: “To beat Liverpool is tough and to put a performance like that in when you most need it is a sign of a champion team.Jadon Sancho, Borussia DortmundCrouch: Liverpool could beat Man United to Jadon Sancho Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Peter Crouch wouldn’t be surprised to see Jadon Sancho end up at Liverpool one day instead of his long-term pursuers Manchester United.“They have struggled in this last few weeks; they have re-established a bit of authority tonight. Obviously it doesn’t determine the outcome of the title, but there was a desperation in this stadium tonight.“I have never seen this stadium have an atmosphere like this. I have not been to every game, as you can imagine, over the last 25 years, but it is the best I have ever seen the atmosphere.“From minute one, they never let go the whole game. There was a five-minute period after Liverpool scored, but they responded and Bernardo Silva, Fernandinho… They were unreal, actually, in central midfield.“Their tackling, their running, it was fantastic. They were desperate to win.”last_img read more

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Junior Minister of Tourism Heads to Caribbean Tourism Youth Congress

first_imgThe Caribbean Youth Congress is one of the vehicles through which CTO encourages the best and brightest young minds from the region to consider tourism as a career.  The Youth Congress is scheduled for DAY 4 of the 5-Day conference.CTO State of the Industry Conference is the Caribbean Tourism Organization’s annual convocation where Caribbean tourism practitioners, policy makers and strategic partners, at the highest levels, gather to discuss issues, identify solutions and generally develop courses of action that will benefit the tourism industry in the Caribbean.Speakers of international acclaim will provide best case practices and winning strategies on a wide range of topics that are critical to the growth of regional tourism, all with a view toward the development of a sustainable tourism industry, that will position the Caribbean as the most desirable, year-round warm weather destination by 2017. Outstanding Note of Congratulations From National Youth Ambassador to Junior Minister of Tourism Where:                Tourist Board’s Conference Room Who:                     Ms. Kayanna Gibson, Junior Minister or Tourism; and Ms. Blythe Clare, Tourism Training ManagerWhat:                   Interview regarding the Caribbean Youth Congress and TCI’s contributionWhen:                  TODAY, September 12th at 2:00 p.m. Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp Related Items:caribbean tourism youth congress, junior minister of tourism, kayanna gibson South Caicos student new Junior Tourism Minister for TCI Recommended for you Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsAppPROVIDENCIALES, Turks & Caicos Islands (September 12, 2016) – The Junior Minister of Tourism, Ms. Kayanna Gibson will depart the Turks and Caicos tomorrow in hopes of achieving overall victory at the annual Caribbean Tourism Youth Congress held during the Caribbean Tourism Organization’s (CTO) State of the Industry Conference from September 14th – 16th in Barbados.  She will be accompanied by Ms. Blythe Clare, Training Manager for the Turks and Caicos Tourist Board.A staple on the program, the Caribbean Tourism Youth Congress features the National “Junior Ministers of Tourism” comprising students between the ages of 14-17 from several CTO member countries.  The Junior Ministers are expected to make their contribution, in the form of a 3-minute research presentation/speech, on various facets of the tourism sector and share their vision for the future direction of regional tourism, in a competitive environment.last_img read more

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